

The selfintersection of a onesided surface. The word "crosscap" is sometimes also written without the hyphen as the single word "crosscap." The crosscap can be thought of as the object produced by puncturing a surface a single time, attaching two zips around the puncture in the same direction, distorting the hole so that the zips line up, requiring that the surface intersect itself, and then zipping up. The crosscap can also be described as a circular hole which, when entered, exits from its opposite point (from a topological viewpoint, both singular points on the crosscap are equivalent).
The crosscap has a segment of double points which terminates at two "pinch points." A crosshandle is homeomorphic to two crosscaps (Francis and Weeks 1999).
A sphere with one crosscap has traditionally been called a real projective plane. While this is appropriate in the study of projective geometry when an affine structure is present, J. H. Conway advocates use of the term cross surface in a purely topological interpretation (Francis and Weeks 1999). The crosscap is one of the three possible surfaces obtained by sewing a Möbius strip to the edge of a disk. The other two are the Boy surface and Roman surface.
A sphere with two crosscaps having coinciding boundaries is topologically equivalent to a Klein bottle (Francis and Weeks 1999). The surface with three crosscaps is known as Dyck's surface (Francis and Collins 1993, Francis and Weeks 1999).
The crosscap can be generated using the general method for nonorientable surfaces using the polynomial function
(1)

(Pinkall 1986). Transforming to spherical coordinates gives
(2)
 
(3)
 
(4)

for and . To make the equations slightly simpler, all three equations are normally multiplied by a factor of 2 to clear the arbitrary scaling constant. Three views of the crosscap generated using this equation are shown above. Note that the middle one looks suspiciously like Bour's minimal surface.
Another representation is
(5)

(Gray 1997), giving parametric equations
(6)
 
(7)
 
(8)

(Geometry Center) where, for aesthetic reasons, the  and coordinates have been multiplied by 2 to produce a squashed, but topologically equivalent, surface. It is therefore a quartic surface given by
(9)

The volume enclosed by the surface in this parametrization is
(10)

The moment of inertia tensor for the solid with uniform density and mass is given by
(11)

Taking the inversion of a crosscap such that (0, 0, ) is sent to gives Plücker's conoid, shown above (Pinkall 1986).