In general, an icosidodecahedron is a 32faced polyhedron. A number of such solids are illustrated above.
"The" (quasiregular) icosidodecahedron is the 32faced Archimedean solid with faces . It is one of the two convex quasiregular polyhedra. It is also the uniform polyhedron with Maeder index 24 (Maeder 1997), Wenninger index 12 (Wenninger 1989), Coxeter index 28 (Coxeter et al. 1954), and Har'El index 29 (Har'El 1993). It has Schläfli symbol and Wythoff symbol .
It is implemented in the Wolfram Language as PolyhedronData["Icosidodecahedron"] or UniformPolyhedron["Icosidodecahedron"].
Several symmetric projections of the icosidodecahedron are illustrated above.
The polyhedron vertices of an icosidodecahedron of polyhedron edge length are , , , , , . The 30 polyhedron vertices of an octahedron 5compound form an icosidodecahedron (Ball and Coxeter 1987). Faceted versions include the small icosihemidodecahedron and small dodecahemidodecahedron.
The regular icosidodecahedron is the convex hull of the cubeoctahedron 5compound, dodecadodecahedron, great dodecahemicosahedron, great dodecahemidodecahedron, great icosidodecahedron, great icosihemidodecahedron, third icosahedron stellation hull, octahedron 5compound, small dodecahemicosahedron, small dodecahemidodecahedron, and small icosihemidodecahedron.
The icosidodecahedron constructed in origami is illustrated above (Kasahara and Takahama 1987, pp. 4849). This construction uses 120 sonobè units, each made from a single sheet of origami paper.
The faces of the icosidodecahedron consist of 20 triangles and 12 pentagons. Furthermore, its 60 edges are bisected perpendicularly by those of the reciprocal rhombic triacontahedron (Ball and Coxeter 1987).
Five octahedra of edge length can be inscribed on the vertices of an icosidodecahedron of unit edge length, resulting in the beautiful octahedron 5compound.
The dual polyhedron of the icosidodecahedron is the rhombic triacontahedron, both of which are illustrated above together with their common midsphere.
The inradius of the dual, midradius of the solid and dual, and circumradius of the solid for are
(1)
 
(2)
 
(3)
 
(4)
 
(5)
 
(6)

The surface area and volume for an icosidodecahedron are given by
(7)
 
(8)

The distance to the centers of the triangular and pentagonal faces are
(9)
 
(10)

The dihedral angle between triangular and pentagonal faces is
(11)
 
(12)

The unit regular icosiedodecahedron has Dehn invariant
(13)
 
(14)

where the first expression uses the basis of Conway et al. (1999). It can be dissected into the pentagonal orthobirotunda (E. Weisstein, Aug. 17, 2023).