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# Dirichlet Eta Function

Min Max
 Min Max Re Im

The Dirichlet eta function is the function defined by

 (1) (2)

where is the Riemann zeta function. Note that Borwein and Borwein (1987, p. 289) use the notation instead of . The function is also known as the alternating zeta function and denoted (Sondow 2003, 2005).

is defined by setting in the right-hand side of (2), while (sometimes called the alternating harmonic series) is defined using the left-hand side. The function vanishes at each zero of except (Sondow 2003).

The eta function is related to the Riemann zeta function and Dirichlet lambda function by

 (3)

and

 (4)

(Spanier and Oldham 1987). The eta function is also a special case of the polylogarithm function,

 (5)

The value may be computed by noting that the Maclaurin series for for is

 (6)

Therefore, the natural logarithm of 2 is

 (7) (8) (9) (10)

Values for even integers are related to the analytical values of the Riemann zeta function. Particular values are given in Abramowitz and Stegun (1972, p. 811), and include

 (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16)

It appears in the integral

 (17)

(Guillera and Sondow 2005).

The derivative of the eta function is given by

 (18)

Special cases are given by

 (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26)

(OEIS A271533, OEIS A256358, OEIS A265162, and OEIS A091812), where is the Glaisher-Kinkelin constant, is the Riemann zeta function, and is the Euler-Mascheroni constant. The identity for provides a remarkable proof of the Wallis formula.

Dedekind Eta Function, Dirichlet Beta Function, Dirichlet Lambda Function, Hadjicostas's Formula, Riemann Zeta Function, Zeta Function

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## References

Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, I. A. (Eds.). Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, 9th printing. New York: Dover, pp. 807-808, 1972.Borwein, J. M. and Borwein, P. B. Pi & the AGM: A Study in Analytic Number Theory and Computational Complexity. New York: Wiley, 1987.Guillera, J. and Sondow, J. "Double Integrals and Infinite Products for Some Classical Constants Via Analytic Continuations of Lerch's Transcendent." 16 June 2005. http://arxiv.org/abs/math.NT/0506319.Havil, J. "Real Alternatives." §16.12 in Gamma: Exploring Euler's Constant. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 206-207, 2003.Sloane, N. J. A. Sequences A271533, A256358, A265162, and A091812 in "The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences."Sondow, J. "Zeros of the Alternating Zeta Function on the Line ." Amer. Math. Monthly 110, 435-437, 2003.Sondow, J. "Double Integrals for Euler's Constant and and an Analog of Hadjicostas's Formula." Amer. Math. Monthly 112, 61-65, 2005.Spanier, J. and Oldham, K. B. "The Zeta Numbers and Related Functions." Ch. 3 in An Atlas of Functions. Washington, DC: Hemisphere, pp. 25-33, 1987.

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Dirichlet Eta Function

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Dirichlet Eta Function." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/DirichletEtaFunction.html