A rotor is a convex figure that can be rotated inside a polygon (or polyhedron) while always touching every side (or
face). The least area rotor in a square
is the Reuleaux triangle. The least area
rotor in an equilateral triangle is a lens with two arcs of circles
and radius equal to the triangle altitude.

There exist nonspherical rotors for the tetrahedron, octahedron, and cube, but
not for the dodecahedron and icosahedron.

Rotors can also be considered that are not necessarily convex. For example, the animation above illustrates a deltoid rotor inside an astroid
stator.

## See also

Delta Curve,

Lens,

Reuleaux Polygon,

Reuleaux
Triangle,

Roulette,

Trip-Let
## Explore with Wolfram|Alpha

## References

Gardner, M. *The Unexpected Hanging and Other Mathematical Diversions.* Chicago, IL: Chicago
University Press, p. 219, 1991.Goldberg, M. "Circular-Arc
Rotors in Regular Polygons." *Amer. Math. Monthly* **55**, 392-402,
1948.Goldberg, M. "Two-Lobed Rotors with Three-Lobed Stators."
*J. Mechanisms* **3**, 55-60, 1968.Steinhaus, H. *Mathematical
Snapshots, 3rd ed.* New York: Dover, pp. 151-152, 1999.Wells,
D. *The
Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Geometry.* London: Penguin,
pp. 221-222, 1991.## Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Rotor
## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Rotor." From *MathWorld*--A
Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Rotor.html

## Subject classifications