A function is said to be piecewise constant if it is locally constant in connected regions separated by a possibly infinite number of lower-dimensional boundaries. The Heaviside step function, rectangle function, and square wave are examples of one-dimensional piecewise constant functions. Examples in two dimensions include and (illustrated above) for a complex number, the real part, and the floor function. The nearest integer function is also piecewise constant.

# Piecewise Constant Function

## See also

Constant Function, Decreasing Function, Increasing Function, Piecewise Function, Piecewise Linear Function## Explore with Wolfram|Alpha

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Piecewise Constant Function."
From *MathWorld*--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/PiecewiseConstantFunction.html