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# Inverse Cosecant

 Min Max Re Im

The inverse cosecant is the multivalued function (Zwillinger 1995, p. 465), also denoted (Abramowitz and Stegun 1972, p. 79; Spanier and Oldham 1987, p. 332; Harris and Stocker 1998, p. 315; Jeffrey 2000, p. 125), that is the inverse function of the cosecant. The variants (e.g., Beyer 1987, p. 141; Bronshtein and Semendyayev, 1997, p. 70) and are sometimes used to refer to explicit principal values of the inverse cosecant, although this distinction is not always made (e.g,. Zwillinger 1995, p. 466). Worse yet, the notation is sometimes used for the principal value, with being used for the multivalued function (Abramowitz and Stegun 1972, p. 80). Note that in the notation (commonly used in North America and in pocket calculators worldwide), is the cosecant and the superscript denotes an inverse function, not the multiplicative inverse.

The principal value of the inverse cosecant is implemented as ArcCsc[x] in the Wolfram Language.

The inverse cosecant is a multivalued function and hence requires a branch cut in the complex plane, which the Wolfram Language's convention places at . This follows from the definition of as

 (1)

The derivative of is given by

 (2)

which simplifies to

 (3)

for . Its indefinite integral is

 (4)

which simplifies to

 (5)

for .

The inverse cosecant has Taylor series about infinity of

 (6) (7) (8)

(OEIS A055786 and A002595), where is a Legendre polynomial and is a Pochhammer symbol.

The inverse cosecant satisfies

 (9)

for ,

 (10) (11)

for all complex , and

 (12) (13) (14)

Cosecant, Inverse Cosine, Inverse Cotangent, Inverse Secant, Inverse Sine, Inverse Tangent, Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Sine

## Related Wolfram sites

http://functions.wolfram.com/ElementaryFunctions/ArcCsc/

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## References

Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, I. A. (Eds.). "Inverse Circular Functions." §4.4 in Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, 9th printing. New York: Dover, pp. 79-83, 1972.Beyer, W. H. CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 28th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 142-143, 1987.Bronshtein, I. N. and Semendyayev, K. A. Handbook of Mathematics, 3rd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997.Gradshteyn, I. S. and Ryzhik, I. M. Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products, 6th ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2000.Harris, J. W. and Stocker, H. Handbook of Mathematics and Computational Science. New York: Springer-Verlag, p. 315, 1998.Jeffrey, A. "Inverse Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Functions." §2.7 in Handbook of Mathematical Formulas and Integrals, 2nd ed. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, pp. 124-128, 2000.Sloane, N. J. A. Sequences A002595/M4233 and A055786 in "The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences."Spanier, J. and Oldham, K. B. "Inverse Trigonometric Functions." Ch. 35 in An Atlas of Functions. Washington, DC: Hemisphere, pp. 331-341, 1987.Zwillinger, D. (Ed.). "Inverse Circular Functions." §6.3 in CRC Standard Mathematical Tables and Formulae. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 465-467, 1995.

Inverse Cosecant

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Inverse Cosecant." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/InverseCosecant.html