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The nonconservation of adiabatic invariants which arises in systems with three or more degrees of freedom.

Let a

**particle**travel a distance s(t) as a function of time t (here, s can be thought of as the arc length of the curve traced out by the**particle**). The speed (the scalar ...The idea of a velocity vector comes from classical physics. By representing the position and motion of a single

**particle**using vectors, the equations for motion are simpler ...The system of partial differential equations u_t = u_(xx)+u(u-a)(1-u)+w (1) w_t = epsilonu. (2)

A partial differential equation of second-order, i.e., one of the form Au_(xx)+2Bu_(xy)+Cu_(yy)+Du_x+Eu_y+F=0, (1) is called parabolic if the matrix Z=[A B; B C] (2) ...

The partial differential equation u_t=del ·(u^mdel u).

From the point of view of coordinate charts, the notion of tangent space is quite simple. The tangent space consists of all directions, or velocities, a

**particle**can take. In ...In

**particle**physics, a spinor field of order 2s describes a**particle**of spin s, where s is an integer or half-integer. Therefore, a spinor of order 4s contains as much ...Spinor fields describing particles of zero rest mass satisfy the so-called zero rest mass equations. Examples of zero rest mass particles include the neutrino (a fermion) and ...

The zeros of the derivative P^'(z) of a polynomial P(z) that are not multiple zeros of P(z) are the positions of equilibrium in the field of force due to unit particles ...

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