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# Poisson Integral

There are at least two integrals called the Poisson integral. The first is also known as Bessel's second integral,

 (1)

where is a Bessel function of the first kind and is a gamma function. It can be derived from Sonine's integral. With , the integral becomes Parseval's integral.

In complex analysis, let be a harmonic function on a neighborhood of the closed disk , then for any point in the open disk ,

 (2)

In polar coordinates on ,

 (3)

where and is the Poisson kernel. For a circle,

 (4)

For a sphere,

 (5)

where

 (6)

Bessel Function of the First Kind, Circle, Harmonic Function, Parseval's Integral, Poisson Kernel, Sonine's Integral, Sphere

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## References

Krantz, S. G. "The Poisson Integral." §7.3.1 in Handbook of Complex Variables. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, pp. 92-93, 1999.Morse, P. M. and Feshbach, H. Methods of Theoretical Physics, Part I. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 373-374, 1953.

Poisson Integral

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Poisson Integral." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/PoissonIntegral.html