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# Conical Frustum

A conical frustum is a frustum created by slicing the top off a cone (with the cut made parallel to the base). For a right circular cone, let be the slant height and and the base and top radii. Then

 (1)

The surface area, not including the top and bottom circles, is

 (2) (3)

The volume of the frustum is given by

 (4)

But

 (5)

so

 (6) (7) (8)

This formula can be generalized to any pyramid by letting be the base areas of the top and bottom of the frustum. Then the volume can be written as

 (9)

The area-weighted integral of over the frustum is

 (10) (11)

so the geometric centroid is located along the z-axis at a height

 (12) (13)

(Eshbach 1975, p. 453; Beyer 1987, p. 133; Harris and Stocker 1998, p. 105). The special case of the cone is given by taking , yielding .

Cone, Frustum, Pyramidal Frustum, Spherical Segment

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## References

Beyer, W. H. (Ed.). CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 28th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 129-130 and 133, 1987.Eshbach, O. W. Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals. New York: Wiley, 1975.Harris, J. W. and Stocker, H. "Frustum of a Right Circular Cone." §4.7.2 in Handbook of Mathematics and Computational Science. New York: Springer-Verlag, p. 105, 1998.Kern, W. F. and Bland, J. R. "Frustum of Right Circular Cone." §29 in Solid Mensuration with Proofs, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, pp. 71-75, 1948.

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Conical Frustum." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/ConicalFrustum.html