Cohomology is an invariant of a topological space, formally "dual" to homology, and so it detects
"holes" in a space. Cohomology has more algebraic
structure than homology, making it into a graded
ring (with multiplication given by the so-called "cup
product"), whereas homology is just a graded
Abelian group invariant of a space.
A generalized homology or cohomology theory must satisfy all of the Eilenberg-Steenrod
axioms with the exception of the dimension axiom.
See alsoAleksandrov-Čech Cohomology
, Alexander-Spanier Cohomology
, de Rham Cohomology
, Equivariant Cohomology
, Group Cohomology
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ReferencesRabson, D. A.; Huesman, J. F.; Fisher, B. N. "Cohomology for Anyone." Found. Phys. 33, 1769-1796, 2003.
Cite this as:
Weisstein, Eric W. "Cohomology." From
MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Cohomology.html