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The

**sign**of a real number, also called sgn or signum, is -1 for a negative number (i.e., one with a minus**sign**"-"), 0 for the number zero, or +1 for a positive number (i.e., ...A method of determining the maximum number of positive and negative real roots of a polynomial. For positive roots, start with the

**sign**of the coefficient of the lowest (or ...An alternating

**sign**matrix is a matrix of 0s, 1s, and -1s in which the entries in each row or column sum to 1 and the nonzero entries in each row and column alternate in ...Integration under the integral

**sign**is the use of the identity int_a^bdxint_(alpha_0)^alphaf(x,alpha)dalpha=int_(alpha_0)^alphadalphaint_a^bf(x,alpha)dx (1) to compute an ...The conjecture that the number of alternating

**sign**matrices "bordered" by +1s A_n is explicitly given by the formula A_n=product_(j=0)^(n-1)((3j+1)!)/((n+j)!). This ...The numerators and denominators obtained by taking the ratios of adjacent terms in the triangular array of the number of +1 "bordered" alternating

**sign**matrices A_n with a 1 ...The simplest algebraic

**language**, denoted D. If X is the alphabet {x,x^_}, then D is the set of words u of X which satisfy 1. |u|_x=|u|_(x^_), where |u|_x is the numbers of ...In mathematics, a formal

**language**is normally defined by an alphabet and formation rules. The alphabet of a formal**language**is a set of symbols on which this**language**is ...Let X be an alphabet (i.e., a finite and nonempty set), and call its member letters. A word on X is a finite sequence of letters a_1...a_n, where a_1,...,a_n in X. Denote the ...

The symbol "-" which is used to denote a negative number or subtraction.

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