This conjecture was proved by Doron Zeilberger in 1995 (Zeilberger 1996a). This proof enlisted the aid of an army of 88 referees together with extensive computer calculations.
A beautiful, shorter proof was given later that year by Kuperberg (Kuperberg 1996),
and the refined alternating
sign matrix conjecture was subsequently proved by Zeilberger (Zeilberger 1996b)
using Kuperberg's method together with techniques from -calculus and orthogonal
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G. "Another Proof of the Alternating-Sign Matrix Conjecture." Internat.
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Constant Term Identity Featuring the Ubiquitous (and Mysterious) Andrews-Mills-Robbins-Rumsey
numbers 1, 2, 7, 42, 429, ...." J. Combin. Theory A66, 17-27,
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D. "Proof of the Refined Alternating Sign Matrix Conjecture." New York
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