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There are a number of slightly different definitions of the

**Fresnel**integrals. In physics, the**Fresnel**integrals denoted C(u) and S(u) are most often defined by C(u)+iS(u) = ...The envelope of the plane lx+my+nz=c, (1) where c is the speed of propagation of a wave in the direction (l,m,n) (i.e., l, m, and n are the direction cosines) is known as the ...

A plot in the complex plane of the points B(t)=S(t)+iC(t), (1) where S(t) and C(t) are the

**Fresnel**integrals (von Seggern 2007, p. 210; Gray 1997, p. 65). The Cornu spiral is ...A univariate function f(x) is said to be odd provided that f(-x)=-f(x). Geometrically, such functions are symmetric about the origin. Examples of odd functions include x, ...

Van der Corput's constant is given by m = 2sqrt(2)int_0^(sqrt(pi/2-c))cos(x^2+c)dx (1) = 2pi[coscC(phi)-sincS(phi)] (2) = 3.3643175781... (3) (OEIS A143305), where C(x) and ...

There are two sorts of transforms known as the fractional Fourier transform. The linear fractional Fourier transform is a discrete Fourier transform in which the exponent is ...

Fok (1946) and Hazewinkel (1988, p. 65) call v(z) = 1/2sqrt(pi)Ai(z) (1) w_1(z) = 2e^(ipi/6)v(omegaz) (2) w_2(z) = 2e^(-ipi/6)v(omega^(-1)z), (3) where Ai(z) is an Airy ...

There are several functions called "Lommel functions." One type of Lommel function appear in the solution to the Lommel differential equation and are given by ...

A positive integer n is kth powerfree if there is no number d such that d^k|n (d^k divides n), i.e., there are no kth powers or higher in the prime factorization of n. A ...

The Zernike polynomials are a set of orthogonal polynomials that arise in the expansion of a wavefront function for optical systems with circular pupils. The odd and even ...

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