For an integer , let denote the greatest prime factor of , i.e., the number in the factorization

with
for .
For ,
3, ..., the first few are 2, 3, 2, 5, 3, 7, 2, 3, 5, 11, 3, 13, 7, 5, ... (OEIS A006530). The greatest multipleprime
factors for squareful integers are 2, 2, 3, 2,
2, 3, 2, 2, 5, 3, 2, 2, 3, ... (OEIS A046028).

A number for which
is called an unusual number by Greene and Knuth (1990) and a -rough numbers by Finch
(2001). The first few -rough numbers are 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15,
17, 19, 20, 21, ... (OEIS A064052). The probability
that a random positive integer is -rough is (Schroeppel 1972).

A number that is not -rough is called, not surprisingly, a -smooth number (or sometimes, a "round
number"). The first few are 1, 4, 8, 9, 12, 16, 18, 24, 25, 27, ... (OEIS
A048098).

Erdős, P. and Pomerance, C. "On the Largest Prime Factors of
and ."
Aequationes Math.17, 211-321, 1978.Finch, S. "RE:
Unusual Numbers." 27 Aug 2001. http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind0108&L=nmbrthry&P=963.Greene,
D. H. and Knuth, D. E. Mathematics
for the Analysis of Algorithms, 3rd ed. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, 1990.Guy,
R. K. "The Largest Prime Factor of ." §B46 in Unsolved
Problems in Number Theory, 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, p. 101,
1994.Heath-Brown, D. R. "The Largest Prime Factor of the Integers
in an Interval." Sci. China Ser. A39, 449-476, 1996.Mahler,
K. "On the Greatest Prime Factor of ." Nieuw Arch. Wisk.1, 113-122,
1953.Schroeppel, R. Item 29 in Beeler, M.; Gosper, R. W.; and Schroeppel,
R. HAKMEM. Cambridge, MA: MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Memo AIM-239,
p. 13, Feb. 1972. http://www.inwap.com/pdp10/hbaker/hakmem/number.html#item29.Sloane,
N. J. A. Sequences A006530/M0428,
A048098, and A064052
in "The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences."