Exterior Angle Bisector


The exterior angle bisectors (Johnson 1929, p. 149), also called the external angle bisectors (Kimberling 1998, pp. 18-19), of a triangle DeltaABC are the lines bisecting the angles formed by the sides of the triangles and their extensions, as illustrated above.

Note that the exterior angle bisectors therefore bisect the supplementary angles of the interior angles, not the entire exterior angles.

There are therefore three pairs of oppositely oriented exterior angle bisectors. The exterior angle bisectors intersect pairwise in the so-called excenters J_A, J_B, and J_C. These are the centers of the excircles, i.e., the three circles that are externally tangent to the sides of the triangle (or their extensions).


The points determined on opposite sides of a triangle DeltaABC by an angle bisector from each vertex lie on a straight line if either (1) all or (2) one out of the three bisectors is an external angle bisector (Johnson 1929, p. 149; Honsberger 1995).

The trilinear coordinates of the points A^(''), B^(''), and C^('') are given by (0,-1,1), (1,0,-1), and (-1,1,0), respectively.

See also

Angle Bisector, Excenter, Excircles, Exterior Angle, Isodynamic Points

Explore with Wolfram|Alpha


Coxeter, H. S. M. and Greitzer, S. L. Geometry Revisited. Washington, DC: Math. Assoc. Amer., p. 12, 1967.Honsberger, R. Episodes in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Euclidean Geometry. Washington, DC: Math. Assoc. Amer., pp. 149-150, 1995.Johnson, R. A. Modern Geometry: An Elementary Treatise on the Geometry of the Triangle and the Circle. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1929.Kimberling, C. "Triangle Centers and Central Triangles." Congr. Numer. 129, 1-295, 1998.

Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Exterior Angle Bisector

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Exterior Angle Bisector." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

Subject classifications