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# Euler Characteristic

Let a closed surface have genus . Then the polyhedral formula generalizes to the Poincaré formula

 (1)

where

 (2)

is the Euler characteristic, sometimes also known as the Euler-Poincaré characteristic. The polyhedral formula corresponds to the special case .

The only compact closed surfaces with Euler characteristic 0 are the Klein bottle and torus (Dodson and Parker 1997, p. 125). The following table gives the Euler characteristics for some common surfaces (Henle 1994, pp. 167 and 295; Alexandroff 1998, p. 99).

In terms of the integral curvature of the surface ,

 (3)

The Euler characteristic is sometimes also called the Euler number. It can also be expressed as

 (4)

where is the th Betti number of the space.

## See also

Chromatic Number, Euler Number, Map Coloring, Poincaré Formula, Polyhedral Formula

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## References

Alexandroff, P. S. Combinatorial Topology. New York: Dover, 1998.Armstrong, M. A. "Euler Characteristics." §7.3 in Basic Topology, rev. ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 158-161, 1997 Coxeter, H. S. M. "Poincaré's Proof of Euler's Formula." Ch. 9 in Regular Polytopes, 3rd ed. New York: Dover, pp. 165-172, 1973.Dodson, C. T. J. and Parker, P. E. A User's Guide to Algebraic Topology. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer, 1997.Gray, A. Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, p. 635, 1997.Henle, M. A Combinatorial Introduction to Topology. New York: Dover, p. 167, 1994.

## Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Euler Characteristic

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Euler Characteristic." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/EulerCharacteristic.html