Circumcenter of Mass

The circumcenter of mass is a concept that can be defined by analogy with one of the the constructions for the geometric centroid for the case of polygons. The geometric centroid of a polygon may be determined by triangulating the polygon using any interior point, computing the center of mass of each triangle, taking the weighted sum over triangles where weights are taken as individual triangle areas, and dividing the result by the total area of the polygon. Doing the same procedure but taking the circumcenter instead of the geometric centroid for each triangle gives the circumcenter of mass, whose value turns out to be independent of how the original polygon is triangulated.

This construction is mentioned in Laisant (1887, pp. 150-151), who attribute it to the Italian algebraic geometer G. Bellavitis (Tabachnikov and Tsukerma 2015).

Explicit formulas of the circumcenter of mass can be given by


(Tabachnikov and Tsukerma 2015) or


(Tabachnikov and Tsukerma 2014) for a polygon with vertices (x_i,y_1), ..., (x_n,y_n), area A, and where indices outside the range [1,n] are taken to refer to cyclically repeating vertices.

For a cyclic polygon, the circumcenter of mass coinncides with the circumcenter.

See also

Geometric Centroid, Triangulation

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Adler, V. "Cutting of Polygons." Funct. Anal. Appl. 27, 141-143, 1993.Laisant, C.-A. Théorie et applications des équipollences. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, pp. 150-151, 1887.Tabachnikov, S. and Tsukerman, E. "Circumcenter of Mass and Generalized Euler Line." Disc. Comput. Geom. 51, 815-836, 2014.Tabachnikov, S. and Tsukerman, E. "Remarks on the Circumcenter of Mass." Arnold Math. J. 1, 101-112, 2015.

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Circumcenter of Mass." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

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