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# Chebyshev Differential Equation

 (1)

for . The Chebyshev differential equation has regular singular points at , 1, and . It can be solved by series solution using the expansions

 (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

Now, plug equations (6) and (8) into the original equation (◇) to obtain

 (9)
 (10)
 (11)
 (12)
 (13)

so

 (14)
 (15)

and by induction,

 (16)

for , 3, ....

Since (14) and (15) are special cases of (16), the general recurrence relation can be written

 (17)

for , 1, .... From this, we obtain for the even coefficients

 (18) (19) (20)

and for the odd coefficients

 (21) (22) (23)

The even coefficients can be given in closed form as

 (24) (25)

and the odd coefficients as

 (26) (27)

The general solution is then given by summing over all indices,

 (28)

which can be done in closed form as

 (29)

Performing a change of variables gives the equivalent form of the solution

 (30) (31)

where is a Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind and is a Chebyshev polynomial of the second kind. Another equivalent form of the solution is given by

 (32)

Chebyshev Polynomial of the First Kind, Chebyshev Polynomial of the Second Kind

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## References

Arfken, G. Mathematical Methods for Physicists, 3rd ed. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, p. 735, 1985.Boyce, W. E. and DiPrima, R. C. Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, 4th ed. New York: Wiley, pp. 232 and 252, 1986.Zwillinger, D. Handbook of Differential Equations, 3rd ed. Boston, MA: Academic Press, p. 127, 1997.

## Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Chebyshev Differential Equation

## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Chebyshev Differential Equation." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChebyshevDifferentialEquation.html