Acyclic Graph

An acyclic graph is a graph having no graph cycles. Acyclic graphs are bipartite.

A connected acyclic graph is known as a tree, and a possibly disconnected acyclic graph is known as a forest (i.e., a collection of trees).

The numbers of acyclic graphs (forests) on n=1, 2, ... are 1, 2, 3, 6, 10, 20, 37, 76, 153, ... (OEIS A005195), and the corresponding numbers of connected acyclic graphs (trees) are 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 6, 11, 23, 47, 106, ... (OEIS A000055).

A graph can be tested in the Wolfram Language to see if it is acyclic using AcyclicGraphQ[g], and a collection of acyclic graphs are available as GraphData["Acyclic"].

A graph with a single cycle is known as a unicyclic graph.

See also

Cyclic Graph, Forest, Graph Cycle, Tree, Unicyclic Graph

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Skiena, S. Implementing Discrete Mathematics: Combinatorics and Graph Theory with Mathematica. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, p. 190, 1990.Sloane, N. J. A. Sequences A000055/M0791 and A005195/M0776 in "The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences."

Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Acyclic Graph

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Acyclic Graph." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

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