South Pole


The south pole is the point on a sphere with minimum z-coordinate for a given coordinate system. For a rotating sphere like the Earth, the natural coordinate system is defined by the rotation axis, with the south pole given by the point in the southern hemisphere that is farthest from the equator (i.e., midplane of the sphere).

The phi coordinate in spherical coordinates is measured from the north pole and takes on the value phi=pi at the south pole.

See also

Antipodal Points, Hemisphere, Latitude, Longitude, North Pole, Sphere, Sphere Pole, Spherical Coordinates

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Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "South Pole." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

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