Partial Fraction Decomposition

A rational function P(x)/Q(x) can be rewritten using what is known as partial fraction decomposition. This procedure often allows integration to be performed on each term separately by inspection. For each factor of Q(x) the form (ax+b)^m, introduce terms


For each factor of the form (ax^2+bx+c)^m, introduce terms


Then write


and solve for the A_is and B_is.

Partial fraction decomposition is implemented in the Wolfram Language as Apart.

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Blake, S. "Step-by-Step Partial Fractions." Beyer, W. H. CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 28th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 13-15, 1987.

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Partial Fraction Decomposition

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Partial Fraction Decomposition." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

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