A branch of mathematics which encompasses many diverse areas of minimization and optimization. Optimization theory is the more modern term for operations research. Optimization theory includes the calculus of variations, control theory, convex optimization theory, decision theory, game theory, linear programming, Markov chains, network analysis, optimization theory, queuing systems, etc.
See alsoCalculus of Variations, Control Theory, Convex Optimization Theory, Decision Theory, Differential Evolution, Evolution Strategies, Game Theory, Genetic Algorithm, Linear Programming, Markov Chain, Nelder-Mead Method, Nonlinear Programming, Operations Research, Optimization, Queue, Stochastic Optimization
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ReferencesBhati, M. A. Practical Optimization Methods with Mathematica Applications. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2000.Bronson, R. Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of Operations Research. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.Hiller, F. S. and Lieberman, G. J. Introduction to Operations Research, 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990.Marlow, W. H. Mathematics for Operations Research. New York: Dover, 1993.Papadimitriou, C. H. and Steiglitz, K. Combinatorial Optimization: Algorithms and Complexity. New York: Dover, 1998.Polak, E. Computational Methods in Optimization. New York: Academic Press, 1971.Singh, J. Great Ideas of Operations Research. New York: Dover, 1972.Trick, M. "Michael Trick's Operations Research Page." http://mat.gsia.cmu.edu.
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Weisstein, Eric W. "Optimization Theory." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/OptimizationTheory.html