Null Hypothesis

A null hypothesis is a statistical hypothesis that is tested for possible rejection under the assumption that it is true (usually that observations are the result of chance). The concept was introduced by R. A. Fisher.

The hypothesis contrary to the null hypothesis, usually that the observations are the result of a real effect, is known as the alternative hypothesis.

See also

Alternative Hypothesis, Hypothesis, Hypothesis Testing

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Gonick, L. and Smith, W. The Cartoon Guide to Statistics. New York: Harper Perennial, p. 140, 1993.Kenney, J. F. and Keeping, E. S. Mathematics of Statistics, Pt. 1, 3rd ed. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, p. 166, 1962.

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Null Hypothesis

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Null Hypothesis." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.

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