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Hanning Function

An apodization function, also called the Hann function, frequently used to reduce leakage in discrete Fourier transforms. The illustrations above show the Hanning function, its instrument function, and a blowup of the instrument function sidelobes. It is named after the Austrian meteorologist Julius von Hann (Blackman and Tukey 1959, pp. 98-99). The Hanning function is given by

 (1) (2)

It has instrument function

 (3) (4)

To investigate the instrument function, define the dimensionless parameter and rewrite the instrument function as

 (5)

The half-maximum can then be seen to occur at

 (6)

so for , the full width at half maximum is

 (7)

To find the extrema, take the derivative

 (8)

and equate to zero. The first two roots are and 10.7061..., corresponding to the first sidelobe minimum () and maximum (), respectively.

Apodization Function, Hamming Function

References

Blackman, R. B. and Tukey, J. W. "Particular Pairs of Windows." §B.5 in The Measurement of Power Spectra, From the Point of View of Communications Engineering. New York: Dover, pp. 14-15 and 95-100, 1959.Press, W. H.; Flannery, B. P.; Teukolsky, S. A.; and Vetterling, W. T. Numerical Recipes in FORTRAN: The Art of Scientific Computing, 2nd ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, pp. 554-556, 1992.

Hanning Function

Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Hanning Function." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/HanningFunction.html