A univariate function is said to be even provided that . Geometrically, such functions are symmetric about
the -axis. Examples of even functions include
1 (or, in general, any constant function), , , , and .

An even function times an odd function is odd, while the sum or difference of two nonzero functions is even if and only if each
summand function is even. The product or quotient of two even functions is again
even.

If a univariate even function is differentiable, then its derivative is an odd
function; what's more, if an even function is integrable, then its integral over
a symmetric interval ,
, is precisely the
same as twice the integral over the interval . Similarly, if an odd function
is differentiable, then its derivative
is an even function while the integral of such a function over a symmetric interval
is identically zero.

Ostensibly, one can define a similar notion for multivariate functions
by saying that such a function is even if and only if

Even so, such functions are unpredictable and very well may lose many of the desirable geometric properties possessed by univariate functions. For example, both and satisfy this identity while the constant slices
and of and are odd and even, respectively. Differentiability and integrability
properties are similarly unclear.

The Maclaurin series of an even function contains
only even powers.