A matrix that has undergone Gaussian elimination is said to be in row echelon form or, more properly, "reduced echelon form"
or "row-reduced echelon form." Such a matrix has the following characteristics:

1. All zero rows are at the bottom of the matrix

2. The leading entry of each nonzero row after the first occurs to the right of the leading entry of the previous row.

3. The leading entry in any nonzero row is 1.

4. All entries in the column above and below a leading 1 are zero.

Another common definition of echelon form only requires zeros below the leading ones, while the above definition also requires them above the leading ones.