Backgammon is a board game played by two players. The backgammon board is divided into four sections of six triangular regions on which pieces may be placed. Brown and white pieces are initially placed on the board as illustrated above, and the object is for each player to move all pieces around the board (white moves counterclockwise and brown moves clockwise) and then off the board.

# Backgammon

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## References

Bewersdorff, J. "Backgammon: To Double or Not to Double." Ch. 31 in*Luck, Logic, & White Lies: The Mathematics of Games.*Wellesley, MA: A K Peters, pp. 326-343, 2005.Culin, S. "Ssang-Ryouk--Double Sixes (Backgammon)." §73 in

*Games of the Orient: Korea, China, Japan.*Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, pp. 79-81, 1965.Parlett, D.

*The Oxford History of Board Games.*Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1999.Thorp, E. O. "End Positions in Backgammon."

*Gambling Times*, Oct.-Dec. 1978. Reprinted in

*Computer Games*(Ed. D. N. L. Levy). New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 44-61, 1988.Thorp, E.

*The Mathematics of Gambling.*Hollywood, CA: Gambling Times, pp. 83-109, 1984.Tuck, E. O. "Simulation of Bearing Off and Doubling in Backgammon."

*Mathematical Sci.*

**6**, 43-61, 1981.Zadeh, N. "On Doubling in Tournament Backgammon."

*Management Sci.*

**23**, 986-993, 1977.

## Referenced on Wolfram|Alpha

Backgammon## Cite this as:

Weisstein, Eric W. "Backgammon." From
*MathWorld*--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Backgammon.html