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A cyclotomic

**field**Q(zeta) is obtained by adjoining a primitive root of unity zeta, say zeta^n=1, to the rational numbers Q. Since zeta is primitive, zeta^k is also an nth ...The ordered pair (s,t), where s is the number of real embeddings of the number

**field**and t is the number of complex-conjugate pairs of embeddings. The degree of the number ...Given a set P of primes, a

**field**K is called a class**field**if it is a maximal normal extension of the rationals which splits all of the primes in P, and if P is the maximal ...A vector

**field**is a map f:R^n|->R^n that assigns each x a vector f(x). Several vector fields are illustrated above. A vector**field**is uniquely specified by giving its ...A totally imaginary

**field**is a**field**with no real embeddings. A general number**field**K of degree n has s real embeddings (0<=s<=n) and 2t imaginary embeddings (0<=t<=n/2), ...Given a number

**field**K, there exists a unique maximal unramified Abelian extension L of K which contains all other unramified Abelian extensions of K. This finite**field**...A divergenceless

**field**can be partitioned into a toroidal and a poloidal part. This separation is important in geo- and heliophysics, and in particular in dynamo theory and ...For a

**field**K with multiplicative identity 1, consider the numbers 2=1+1, 3=1+1+1, 4=1+1+1+1, etc. Either these numbers are all different, in which case we say that K has ...The

**field**axioms are generally written in additive and multiplicative pairs. name addition multiplication associativity (a+b)+c=a+(b+c) (ab)c=a(bc) commutativity a+b=b+a ...A solenoidal vector

**field**satisfies del ·B=0 (1) for every vector B, where del ·B is the divergence. If this condition is satisfied, there exists a vector A, known as the ......